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Working with Python Dataclasses and Dataclass Wizard Dataclasses Package

Working with Python Dataclasses and Dataclass Wizard
Dataclasses Package

Let’s create Python data objects in just a few lines of code!

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Should you’re a Python coder, you’re probably aware of Zen. Three of its 19 guideline principles state that “explicit is healthier than implicit,” “readability counts,” and “easy is healthier than complex.” If you’re creating or integrating an existing Python package, you aim to search out probably the most Pythonic method to do your task, each functionally and efficiently. Python’s dataclasses library provides a sexy approach to quickly and simply creating objects. This package includes a set of tools that help speed up and make your code legible, whether you’re working on an information science or software development project. Nonetheless, provided that there is no such thing as a magic wand with out a wizard, the dataclass wizard package provides dataclasses with additional powers that may enhance your code in a Pythonic style. On this post, we are going to dive into these two packages to take our work to the following level.

To make use of dataclasses, we import and apply the @dataclass decorator. This decorator enables us to specify if the instance must be frozen (frozen=True), initialized (init=True), or slotted (slots=True). Furthermore, although the field object will not be required for creating dataclasses objects, we are able to use it to supply powers to the attributes, resembling indicating default values, default initializers for non-primitive data types like dictionaries, and whether the attribute is an element of the constructor (__init__), and/or a part of the category representation (__repr__).

For our exploration, we’ll use the dataclasses package to generate slotted classes. Should you are unfamiliar with Python’s slot mechanism, don’t worry; you may still follow the post. Please be at liberty to explore the concept of slots in the next post ⬇️:

For instance, let’s create the slotted class ClassA. This class’s public attributes attr1, attr2, attr3, and attr4 will probably be utilized by the constructor. attr1 and attr2 will probably be…


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